landed in Sicily in July 1943 and in Italy in September. The journalist Alan Posener attributed the country's "growing historical amnesia" in part to a failure by the German film and television industry to reflect the country's history accurately. With the outbreak of World War II, the factory was converted to produce military vehicles. At universities, appointments to top posts were the subject of power struggles between the education ministry, the university boards, and the National Socialist German Students' League. In January 1943, Hitler signed a decree requiring all women under the age of fifty to report for work assignments to help the war effort. Hitler moved quickly to eliminate political Catholicism, rounding up functionaries of the Catholic-aligned Bavarian People's Party and Catholic Centre Party, which along with all other non-Nazi political parties ceased to exist by July. Amsterdam; Atlanta, GA: Rodopi. A study by German historian Rüdiger Overmans puts the number of German military dead and missing.3 million, including 900,000 men conscripted from outside of Germany's 1937 borders. How Green Were the Nazis?: Nature, Environment, and Nation in the Third Reich. "Wie erfolgreich war die nationalsozlalistische Presselenkung?" How Successful was National Socialist Control of the Daily Press? Since most of the industrial areas were in the western zones, the Soviet Union was transferred additional reparations. At the end of the war, Europe had more than 40 million refugees, its economy had collapsed, and 70 percent of its industrial infrastructure was destroyed. See also References Explanatory notes On, Reichsinnenminister Wilhelm Frick, the Interior Minister, ordered that the Horst-Wessel-Lied be played right after the standing national anthem Das Lied der Deutschen, better known as Deutschland Über Alles. Third Reich drittes Reich meaning "Third Realm" or "Third Empire the first two being the.